POLIAKOV, LÉON

POLIAKOV, LÉON
POLIAKOV, LÉON (1910–1997), historian. Born in Saint Petersburg, Russia, Poliakov went to France in 1920. He was on the staff of the Pariser Tageblatt until 1939. During World War II he served with the French army. Participating in the establishment of the Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine, he became head of its research department after the war. In 1952 he was appointed research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and in 1954 joined the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. Poliakov, one the first historians of the Holocaust, wrote extensively about it and paved the way for the scientific study of antisemitism from the 1950s. He was departmental editor of the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica for the subject of antisemitism. Some of his books have been translated into English – Harvest of Hate (1954), The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalist Ideas in Europe (1974), and his major four-volume The History of Anti-Semitism (2003). His other works include Auschwitz (1964), Les banchieri Juifs et le Saint-Siège du xiii au xvii siècle (1965) and De l'antisionisme à l'Anti-semitisme (1969). Poliakov also edited a number of works, including La condition des Juifs en France sous l'occupation italienne (1946) and, with Josef Wulf, Das Dritte Reich und seine Diener; Dokumente (1956) and Das Dritte Reich und die Juden; Dokumente und Aufsaetze (1955). He published his memoirs in 1981 (L'auberge des musiciens), and amongst his other books published later are La Causalité diabolique: essai sur l'origine des persécutions (1980) and L'impossible choix: histoire des crises d'identité juive (1995). (Sylvie-Anne Goldberg (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Poliakov, Leon — (b. 1910)    French historian. Poliakov was born in St Petersburg, but moved with his family to Paris as a child. He served in the French army in World War II and, after demobilization, he returned to his studies at the Sorbonne. Poliakov is best …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Poliakov, Leon — (b. 1910)    French historian. He was born in St Petersburg, and moved to France in 1920. He was on the staff of Pariser Tageblatt until 1939, then served in the French army during World War II. After the war he became head of the research… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Leon Poliakov — Léon Poliakov (russisch Леон Поляков; * 25. November 1910 in St. Petersburg; † 8. Dezember 1997 in Orsay) war ein französischer Historiker. Schwerpunkte seiner Forschung waren Rassismus, Antisemitismus, jüdische Geschichte und der Holocaust. Bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poliakov — Léon Poliakov (russisch Леон Поляков; * 25. November 1910 in St. Petersburg; † 8. Dezember 1997 in Orsay) war ein französischer Historiker. Schwerpunkte seiner Forschung waren Rassismus, Antisemitismus, jüdische Geschichte und der Holocaust. Bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leon Poliakov — Léon Poliakov Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poliakov. Léon Poliakov …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Léon Poliakov — Léon Poliakov. Léon Poliakov, en ruso original, Лев Поляков (25 de noviembre de 1910, San Petersburgo Orsay, 8 de diciembre de 1997), historiador francés, famoso por sus estudios sobre el Holocausto, el Antisemitismo, el Fascismo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Léon Poliakov — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Poliakov. Léon Poliakov …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Léon Poliakov — (russisch Леон Поляков; * 25. November 1910 in St. Petersburg; † 8. Dezember 1997 in Orsay) war ein französischer Historiker. Schwerpunkte seiner Forschung waren Rassismus, Antisemitismus, jüdische Geschichte und der Holocaust. Bis zu seiner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Léon Poliakov — ( ru. Лев Поляков; November 25, 1910 in Saint Petersburg – December 8, 1997 in Orsay) was a historian who wrote extensively on the Holocaust and anti Semitism. Born into a Russian Jewish family, Poliakov lived in Italy and Germany until he… …   Wikipedia

  • Poliakov —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronymes Poliakov (masculin ; Поляков) ou Poliakova (féminin ; Полякова), parfois francisé en Poliakoff (transcription désuète) …   Wikipédia en Français

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